Thursday, 2 March 2017
Asian shares advance, dollar supported by March rate hike bets
Asian shares rose on Thursday as investors were encouraged by President Donald Trump's less combative tone in his first speech to Congress, which sent Wall Street stocks sharply higher, while growing bets on a U.S. rate hike this month buoyed the dollar.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan rose 0.5 percent while Japan's Nikkei rose 1.3 percent to a 14-month high.
European shares could dip after the STOXX Europe 600 benchmark index hit a 15-month high on Wednesday, with spread-betters seeing a fall of 0.1 percent in Germany's DAX, Britain's FTSE and France's CAC.
MSCI's broadest gauge of the world's stocks covering 46 countries scaled a record high, a day after it rose nearly 1 percent for its biggest daily gain in almost three months.
On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average blasted through the 21,000-point mark for the first time. Both the Dow and the S&P 500 rallied around 1.4 percent.
Trump pledged to deliver "massive" tax relief to the middle class and corporate tax cuts, to spend heavily on infrastructure and to ease regulations - steps that have helped to push U.S. stocks higher since his election victory in November.
While Trump gave few new details on his tax or spending plans, investors were encouraged by what they saw as a less confrontational tone as he tries to push his growth agenda through a Congress reluctant to widen the government's budget deficit.
More to the point, his stimulus plan comes as the global economy is picking up momentum.
The J.P. Morgan Global manufacturing PMI hit its highest levels in nearly six years in February.
"Trumpflation may be a misnomer. The uptick in manufacturing predates the election. It continued in February," ING said in a note, pointing to generally strong factory activity readings around the world last month.
"It's better to be lucky than good. We think President Trump may be lucky in holding office when the overhang of debt and fear from the Global Financial Crisis lifts."
A rate hike by the Federal Reserve later this month also would signal policymakers' growing confidence in U.S. and global economic expansion.
"The U.S. economy is strong enough to allow the Fed to raise rates. And then we are going to have one trillion dollars in public spending," said a trader at a European bank.
"Under such conditions, we are likely to see a gradual rise in U.S. stocks, with volatility remaining low, until the Fed overkills the economy," he said.
The S&P financial index soared 2.84 percent after a few key Federal Reserve officials including New York Fed President William Dudley and San Francisco Fed President John Williams, hinted at an interest rate hike this month.
Usually-dovish Fed Governor Lael Brainard also joined the chorus, saying an improving global economy and a solid U.S. recovery mean it will be "appropriate soon" for the Fed to raise rates.
"Even Brainard is talking about the need to raise rates, so a hike in March looks highly likely. Her tone has changed considerably from last year," said Hiroko Iwaki, senior strategist at Mizuho Securities.
Government data indeed showed on Wednesday the largest monthly increase in inflation in four years eroded households' purchasing power, supporting the case for a rate hike.
U.S. Treasuries yield jumped, with the two-year yield rising to as high as 1.308 percent, its highest since August 2009. It last stood at 1.296 percent.
The 10-year yield rose to 2.462 percent, still below its two-year peak of 2.641 percent marked in December.
Fed Funds rate futures are now pricing in about an 80 percent chance that the Fed will bump up interest rates by 0.25 percentage point at its policy meeting on March 14-15, compared to around 30 percent at the start of this week.
More Fed policy-setters, including Chair Janet Yellen and Vice Chair Stanley Fischer, will speak on Friday, likely providing further signals on the Fed's policy path.
In Europe, the premium investors demand for holding French bonds over German bonds shrank to the smallest in a month after scandal-hit French presidential candidate Francois Fillon vowed to stay in the election fight.
That is perceived to contribute to limiting the chance of a victory by far-right National Front leader Marine Le Pen, who could pull the country out of the euro zone and the European Union.
In the currency market, the dollar benefited from rising expectations of a Fed rate hike.
The dollar's index against a basket of six major rivals rose to its highest level in seven weeks.
The U.S. currency rose 0.2 percent to 114.02 yen, while the euro dipped 0.2 percent to $1.0529.
The British pound sank to a six-week low of $1.2261 as disappointing UK economic data added to political nerves that have begun to weigh on the currency again after last year's Brexit vote.
Oil prices loitered within a familiar range, as record high U.S. crude supplies tempered support from evidence that OPEC producers are complying with an agreement to cut production.
Brent futures were unchanged at $56.36 per barrel while U.S. crude futures ticked down 0.1 percent to $53.76 a barrel.
Reference: Hideyuki Sano